When the Cold War ended, a feeling of uncertainty and insecurity began to prevail in the international arena. The disintegration of Soviet Union allowed the United States to gain unprecedented supremacy in the international system.

Declaring a new world order, the U.S. began to play the role of the world’s sheriff. As supranational institutions lost their significance, the consequences of this unipolar international order remained ambiguous.

Being the sole hegemon, the U.S. disabled the mediative functions of international organizations, most notably the United Nations, which was treading a fine line between the rival pacts of the Cold War.

The military occupations of the U.S. in the Middle East were intensified after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Even though the U.S. was responsible for the emergence of al-Qaida, the U.S. administrations occupied Afghanistan and Yemen under the pretext of fighting against…

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