GARRY Kasparov was undefeated as world chess champion for 255 months and, therefore, was not in the least concerned when IBM asked him in 1996 to play a game of chess against its Deep Blue computer.

The chess match was the first game in history in which a computer has beaten a human.

Twenty years later, Lee Sedol, one of the top players of the strategy board game Go, was defeated by the AlphaGo computer program.

Exponential progress of AI The victories of the computer are part of the exponential progress of artificial intelligence (AI) in the past two decades in the acquiring, processing and application of specialised knowledge and skills. AI and powerful algorithms, as well as the massive increase in computing power, allowed computers to simulate human cognitive functions and solve complex problems.

One of the characteristics of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) is that AI is increasingly playing an important role in our daily…

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